Traceability of Objectives from Business level to Execution Level

Business Objectives (BOs) should be traceable from top level to bottom level. BOs are normally linked to the entire organization. So from there it should be broken down to the project level for run time monitoring rather than a final check at the end of the year/after a defined frequency.
BO can be in terms of profitability, time to market etc. Then based on the BO, a second layer of objectives are defined (Process Performance Objectives- PPOs, in CMMI terms). For example, to improve profitability, productivity can be the critical parameter. So profitability will become the parameter for BO and Productivity as the parameter for PPO. There can be multiple parameters as PPOs also. Based on these PPOs, sub processes which are critical are defined and measured. Targets are set for the sub process measures also. Statistical process Control should be applied at the project level as well as at the organizational level to ensure the probability of meeting the targets.
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Akhila is the founder and sole contributor of wordsandnotion.com and qualitynotion.com. By profession she is a software Quality and Quantitative data analyst. She is a self motivated life long learner who loves to decode signs from the universe. Her weirdness is totally aligned with her real life stories and thought experiments. She is the author of “Know them, One answer to many questions” (a General Knowledge book) and “I Had a Crush - The 17 Kinks” (A free ebook of 17 short stories)

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